Sleep disorder is a condition in which a person’s ability to sleep properly is affected every day. This condition is due to a health problem or due to excessive stress.
Sleep disease is becoming a common problem. Most people start getting sleep ailments due to more stress, more busy routine, or any other external factor.
When these problems start occurring regularly and interfere with daily routine, it can be a sign of sleep sickness. This can cause symptoms such as sleeping during the day, difficulty concentrating, difficulty remembering, snoring, and feeling tired after waking from sleep.
However, these disorders can be successfully tested and treated, and the problems of those who suffer from them can be improved. Some types of diseases like sleepwalking and snoring during sleep etc. do not need to be treated as they are harmless.
If mild or infrequent symptoms are causing problems in your daily routine, these changes can be improved by making some lifestyle changes.
Some types of sleep disorders also increase the risk of health problems in a person. Due to this problem, you start having trouble doing routine work during the day, and this also has a harmful effect on your family and friends.
What are Sleep Disorder
Sleep disease is a problem due to which the person is not able to sleep correctly, and as a result, the person sleeps during the day and is not able to do his day’s work properly.
However, it is sometimes common to have such problems in sleep. But it is not a healthy situation if you are continually having problems sleeping at night, feeling tired after waking from sleep. You may have sleeping sickness.
Sleep disease can have a very negative effect on your life:
- Not living properly
- Increased risk of mental disorder
- Decreased performance at work or school
Sleep Disorder Complications
What complications can cause sleep disorder?
Problems caused by sleeping sickness can be quite annoying, which requires you to get immediate relief. Some long term problems take a little longer to cure. However, if you are following your treatment correctly and going to the doctor regularly, then, in the end, you can sleep properly.
Sleep Disorder Symptoms
What are the symptoms of sleep sickness?
- Feeling as if sleep is not complete
- Mood or behavioral problems such as irritability or early anger
- Difficulty concentrating
- More nap during the day
- Lack of energy in the body
- Recurrent amnesia
- Having trouble with personal and professional relationships
- An accident during work or driving due to excessive fatigue
When should the doctor see?
Sleep Disorder types and their causes
Why does sleep disorder occur?
The causes of sleep disorder depend on its type, such as:
Snoring or sleep apnea:
This can be caused by any kind of obstruction in the upper respiratory tract, resulting in obstructive sleep apnea. Also, if the brain fails to start the breathing process, then this problem also occurs.
Overweight or obesity is the most common causes of obstructive sleep apnea. Because obesity also affects the soft tissues of the mouth and throat.
During sleep, when the muscles of the throat and tongue are relaxed, these soft tissues block the respiratory passages. But in adults, there may be other factors that may be associated with snoring or sleep apnea.
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Insomnia is a condition in which an affected person is not able to get enough sleep, which reduces his fatigue. Due to this condition, the person does not sleep, or the eye opens quickly.
There can be many reasons for not sleeping, such as stress, trouble with flying, any health problems, eating some medicine, and even drinking excessive amounts of coffee can affect sleep. Insomnia can also be caused by any other sleeping sickness, such as anxiety or depression.
A parasomnia involves problems such as loss of consciousness. These include fear of sleep, walking in sleep, eating in sleep, moving eyes while sleeping (REM behavior disorder), etc. Apart from this, there can be many such behaviors, which are seen in a person at bedtime.
Parasomnia is a frequently transmitted disease, and therefore, in many cases, it may be a genetic factor. Some cases of parasomnia can also be caused by a neurological disorder, such as rapid eye movement at bedtime.
Some other sleep disorders, such as obstructive sleep apnea or certain types of medications, can also be the cause of parasomnia.
Narcolepsy is a sleep disorder. In most cases, the cause of narcolepsy is attributed to hypocretin deficiency. Hypocretin is the chemical of the brain that drives the sleep process. It is also a neurotransmitter with the help of which signals are sent.
You can work to control whether you are sleeping or awake, working with some nerve cells (or with neurons in the brain).
It is believed that when the immune system starts to damage a part of the brain that creates hypocretin due to a disturbance, then this chemical begins to decrease.
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome:
In this disease, the patient feels very tired, which does not get cured even after taking sufficient rest and also gets worse after doing some physical activity.
This is a temporary problem, which results from traveling in different time zones. In this, the body clock of the patient’s body gets separated from standard time, so he starts feeling tired, sleepy, nauseous, and other troubles.
Restless Legs Syndrome:
It is a neurological disorder in which a strange problem arises in the leg and feels like moving it continuously. It can also be associated with some abnormal chemical (neurotransmitter) of the brain, as these chemicals help the muscle to move.
Apart from this, due to any abnormality in the central nervous system, it can also cause foot shaking disease.
Prevention of Sleep Disorder
How to prevent sleeping disorder??
There are some ways in which sleepiness can be prevented:
Do not do any other work at night; give priority to good sleep. Keep for 7 to 9 hours of sleep every day and do not do any other work in these hours nor get up in the middle of sleep. Wake up in morning at the same time daily, even on vacation days, do not make any change in the time of getting up.
Your bedroom (bedroom) should be calm, quiet, and light. You can also use a fan to eliminate excess noise. Also, before sleeping, make sure that your bed and pillow, etc. are entirely comfortable or not.
Use your bedroom room only for sleeping, do not do any other work there, nor do you turn on the TV. When you are feeling tired, then go to your bedroom and try to sleep, if you are unable to sleep for 15 minutes then go to another room and try to do something else.
Exercising regularly improves your sleep, but do not exercise much in the morning and afternoon.
Create an established time to rest regularly. Do not use any stimulant before bed, such as coffee, chocolate, and nicotine, etc. Apart from this, television, computer or phone, etc. should not be used before sleeping. Read a book, listen to light music or meditate before sleeping.
Do not look at the clock at night, because by doing this, you start feeling anxious. Do not put the watch in front of your eyes.
Older people who are unable to sleep properly at night may sleep in the afternoon. One should not sleep much in the afternoon, because doing so does not cause sleepiness at night.
Try to move a little outside in the day time, especially in the morning.
Diagnosis of Sleep Disorder
How is sleep disease tested??
If you think you have sleep disorders, go to the doctor and tell about your symptoms. The doctor will do your physical examination and try to find out the problems you are having while sleeping.
Some diseases cause sleeping sickness, so doctors can recommend getting some tests done to detect these diseases.
If your doctor feels that you have a sleep disorder, they can refer you to a specialist doctor.
Expert doctors of sleep problems will check your symptoms, and besides, they can also advise you to have a sleep study.
It is also called a polysomnogram (PSG). It is a multiple-component test that records certain physical activities during your sleep. The sleep study can also be done at home for some patients. The recorded data is analyzed by a trained doctor, with the help of which you can find out whether you have sleep disorders or not.
With the help of this test, the electrical activity of the brain is examined, and many other possible problems associated with it are detected.
Genetic blood test:
A genetic blood test can be done to detect narcolepsy and other health-related diseases that can cause sleeping sickness etc.
Sleep Disorder Treatment
How to treat sleep disorder?
Medical treatments for sleep problems may include the following treatments:
- Sleeping pills
- Applying dental guard (usually to get rid of tooth wear)
- Installing a breathing device or performing surgery (often to treat sleep apnea)
- Allergy or cold medicines
- Medications to treat health problems
- Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT)
- Sleep restriction (stopping sleep for a certain amount of time)
- Relaxation Technique (Technique to Relax the Body)
These common remedies are not enough for all people with sleep disorders. Instead, the appropriate treatment for the patient’s problem is done based on the patient’s test and his previous mental state.
Home Remedies for Sleeping Disorder:
Making some significant lifestyle changes can significantly improve your sleep. For better results, lifestyle changes, along with treatment with drugs. Following these things should be kept in mind to reduce sleep problems:
- Drink less water at bedtime.
- Include vegetables and fish in your diet and reduce the amount of sweet.
- Try to reduce anxiety and stress by exercising.
- Sleeping and get up at the same time every day.
- Drink small amounts of caffeine, mainly afternoon or in the evening.
- Do not smoke & do not drink alcohol
- Eat small amounts of food before bedtime and choose foods that contain small amounts of carbohydrates.
Note: Depression Cure does not provide any type of medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment.