Phobia List, Symptoms, Types, Causes, Myths And Facts


Most people are scared of something. Instead, in other words, fear is found within all of us. It can be less in some and more in some, but when the fear increases more than necessary, it takes the form of a severe mental disorder, this is called phobia. (Phobia List)

In this article, I will tell you about the phobia, causes of phobia, symptoms of phobia, danger from the phobia, different types of phobia and ways to avoid phobia.

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What is Phobia

What causes a phobia? Phobia is a disease that is associated with fear and panic. It is an excessive and unprovoked reaction to fear. If you have phobia, when you are exposed to your fear, you may feel a deep sense of fear or panic.

Fear can be of a certain place, object or situation. It differs from general anxiety disorder, which is associated with something specific.

There are several specific types of phobia, such as fear of height, fear of public places or secluded places, etc. If you feel anxious and extremely shy in daily social situations, you may have social phobia. Feeling of seeing some common phobias like tunnels, highways, excess water, flying, animals and blood etc.

Phobias can range from irritating the patient to severely disabled. People with phobias often feel that their fear is completely irrational, but they are still unable to do anything about it. Such problems hamper the work of personal relations, school or office etc.

‘Phobia’ derives from the Greek word ‘Phobos’. If you fear more than necessary and without any reason then it is a phobia. If you have phobia, then you will feel terrified when faced with something that you are afraid. May also be nervous.

This fear can come from a particular place, situation or thing. Phobia is often associated with something other than a general disorder of anxiety.

You may also face a lot of discomfort due to the effect of phobia. It is also a possibility that despite being strong, you will not be able to react. This fear can also interfere with your work, school and personal relationships.

According to an estimate, about 19 million American citizens are victims of rough phobia. Phobias have become the cause of trouble in their personal lives. My advice is that the best way to avoid any such situation is to talk to the doctor about it.

Phobia and fear

There is an excellent difference between phobia and fear. Fear is an emotional response that usually occurs when someone is threatened or scolded. This is very normal, and there is no disease. But a phobia is a dangerous and different level of fear. There is so much fear in phobia that a person can play on his life to end it.

Phobia List, Symptoms, Types, Causes, Myths And Facts

What is the most common phobia in the world? Due to genetic and environmental factors, you can also fall prey to phobias. Children whose family members have an anxiety disorder can also become victims of phobia.

Also, stressful events, such as the death of someone, drowning of someone, can lead to a phobia. The fear of being bitten by small places, high places, animals and insects can also give rise to such phobias.

People who are getting treatment for some medical issues can also become victims of phobias. It has been found that many people have strange phobias after brain surgery. Sometimes, excessive scolding and depression can also result in phobias.(Phobia List)

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Phobia & Schizophrenia

Symptoms of phobia are usually different from severe mental illnesses such as schizophrenia.

In schizophrenia, people have confusion in seeing and hearing nearby things. Blurred vision, fear of having something, negative symptoms such as anhedonia and many disorganized symptoms also occur.

Phobia can also be needless. But people with phobias often make mistakes in identifying the correct form of an object.

Symptoms of phobia

There are many symptoms of phobia. Phobias can be easily detected by these symptoms.

  • Heartbeat increases very fast.
  • Having trouble breathing.
  • Not able to speak fast or not to speak.
  • Dry mouth.
  • Abdominal cramps.
  • Increased blood pressure
  • Shivering in the extremities
  • Chest pain or nervousness.
  • Feeling dizzy or lightheaded.
  • Sweating too much.

No matter what specific type of phobia you have, it is likely to cause some common types of reactions, such as: –

  • A sudden feeling of intense fear, anxiety and panic in the face of a source of fear or even remembering it.
  • Even knowing that fear is feeling unprovoked, but feeling unable to control it.
  • As soon as the situation or object that causes fear comes closer to you or time, anxiety becomes more serious.
  • Do everything possible to avoid that object or situation or try to tolerate anxiety and fear.
  • Trouble in normal functioning of the brain due to fear.
  • Physical reactions and sensations including sweating, rapid heart rate, chest tightness and difficulty in breathing are also included.
  • Seeing injury or blood etc. nausea, stuttering or fainting etc.
  • Avoiding irritability, stagnation, shouting or moving away from parents or withstanding their anger in children.

Types Of Phobia

What is the most dangerous phobia? According to the Psychiatric Association of America, there may be more than 100 types of phobias depending on symptoms and problems.(Phobia List)


The patient is terrified of going to crowded places due to agoraphobia. He thinks of staying locked at home. Patients of this phobia may feel that someone in the crowd will attack them, from which they will not be able to escape.

At the same time, people struggling with serious medical problems can also have this problem many times. He feels that in the event of a medical emergency among the crowd, he will not get help.(Phobia List)

Social phobia

This phobia is also called a social anxiety disorder. The patient of this phobia is even afraid to meet people, stay in a group, and talk among them. This fear is so much at times that the patient confines himself to a room.

On reaching the peak of social phobia, the patient also feels difficulty in normal conversation such as talking on the telephone, ordering food in restaurants.

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Phobias in Detail

Many people may have a fear of many situations and things. But the real phobia is the one that affects our everyday life. I will tell you about some common phobias.(Phobia List)


Glossophobia is also commonly referred to as performance anxiety. The patient of this phobia is afraid to speak in front of people. When disturbed people arrive in front of the crowd, their condition can also be identified with many physical symptoms. Glossophobia can be cured with medicines and therapy.


The human victim of this phobia is afraid of height. The patient of acrophobia is scared of going into mountains, bridges and multi-story buildings. Symptoms of phobia include dizziness, sweating, and a feeling of when they will pass out or become unconscious.


The patient of claustrophobia is afraid of going to small places. When this problem occurs at the peak, the patient is also scared to go to the car and lift.(Phobia List)


A person disturbed by this phobia is afraid to fly in an aeroplane.


Dentophobia patients are afraid of the dentist or the procedure of treating teeth. This phobia is mostly due to some bad experience. A patient troubled by this problem does not want to go to the doctor even after suffering.(Phobia List)


A person troubled by hemophobia is scared to see blood. At the peak of this disease, a person starts to feel fear after seeing the red colour.


In this type of phobia, humans are terrified of spiders.


The patient of this phobia is terrified of dogs.


The patient, troubled by this problem, feels scared of snakes and later every creeping creature.


In this phobia, people are afraid of night or dark. This fear mostly starts in childhood. But when this fear increases to a great extent, then it becomes a phobia. (Phobia List)

Common Causes of Simple Phobia:

It usually occurs in children between 4 and 8 years of age. In some cases, it is also caused by an event in life.

Confronting something frightening by a family member can also cause phobia for other members, increasing the likelihood in most children.

If the mother of a child is afraid of a spider (Arachnophobia), there is a lot of potential for the child to develop this phobia.

Phobia is also attached to the parents or it can develop in a child by listening to the words of fear.

Common cause of complicated phobias:

The reason that triggers agoraphobia (fearing the crowd) or social phobia is still a mystery, no one knows why they are afraid. According to ISIS (International Study of Infarct Survival) it may also be the reason for the combination of the following.

  • Life experiences
  • Brain chemistry
  • Genetics

Social phobia is most likely due to a highly stressful experience.

Phobia and survival:

There can be many types of explanations for many types of phobias. Social phobia can also be a life trend. The tendency to stay indoors, especially for young children, for those suffering from AIDS. This is a natural tendency to find strangeness and danger in harmony.

Mechanism of developing phobia in the brain

Some areas of the brain settle some dangerous and potentially fatal events in their minds or remember them again and again. When confronted with a similar event during an occasion in the future, those areas revive those memories, which causes the body to feel that it is happening again. Areas of the brain that operate under fear and stress regain these catastrophic events inappropriately.

In some people, if an event is happening repeatedly, they may feel phobia, phobia is an irrational phenomenon in which the brain over-reacts to an event. (Phobia List)

Risk Factor Of Phobias

People with genetic or hereditary anxiety problems can easily have phobias. Age, socioeconomic status and gender can also have dangerous effects in some phobias.

For example, women mostly have phobias associated with animals whereas children and some adults are also found to have social phobia. Low socioeconomic status can also make this phobia frightening.

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The fear of increases the risk

British scientists have discovered many important things in an attempt to unravel the mystery of anxiety and fear. According to scientists, the brain’s response to any threat is dependent on the distance, direction and hazard estimate of the danger.

Research has shown that the different parts of our brain’s fear network are responsible for different responses to various threats.

Dean Mobs, who leads the research team, says that there is not just one structure in mind, but different parts of the fear network and they work together to show the response to fear. The mistake of making false guesses of the danger is the reason for increasing phobias in people.

An absolute, intense and constant fear of something, people, animals and situations are called phobia. Mobs say that the fear of great fear only increases the size of the threat in the brain.(Phobia List)

How is phobia diagnosed?

While diagnosing phobia, doctors try to determine whether an object or condition creates any kind of fear in the patient.

People who have phobia almost always know that they are feeling fear and they can easily tell their symptoms to the doctor.

How phobias are treated?

Phobias Treatment

Doctors often resort to therapy, medications, or both to treat the phobia. Phobia is not an untouchable disease. This is a common problem that can be cured with treatment.

Cognitive-behavioral therapy

Cognitive-behavioral therapy or CBT techniques are mostly used in the treatment of phobias. In this therapy, the patient is confronted in a controlled situation with what he fears. With this treatment, the patient starts to return to normal, and his anxiety problem starts to disappear.

Phobia Medication

Stress relievers and anti-anxiety medications may be useful in treating phobias. They provide emotional and physical support to the patient. But never take these medicines without doctor’s advice. These medicines can also make you a victim of other serious problems. (Phobia List)

Beta blockers

These drugs reduce problems such as phobia symptoms and nervousness (such as rapid and stiff heartbeat) and also reduce the condition of legs and arms trembling. Many patients said that these drugs also help in recovering their suppressed voice.


SSRI’s (serotonin reuptake inhibitors) drugs are generally given only to people suffering from phobias. These drugs affect serotonin in the brain, which results in a good mood.


Benzodiazepines help reduce the symptoms of anxiety. Those who are consuming alcohol etc. should not take sedative medicines.

Behavioral Therapy-

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

This therapy is the most commonly used medical therapy for the treatment of phobias. Therapists teach victims different ways of understanding the cause of their phobias, which makes them easier to face their fears. Other alternative ways of seeing and understanding fear are explained.

The patient is taught what the effect of a wrong attitude can have on the quality of his life and how a new way can change life. The whole emphasis of therapy is to detect and change the reaction of negative thoughts, useless perceptions and phobias within the patient.

Desensitization (Exposure Therapy)

If this therapy is done properly, it can help the victims to change their response to fear. Patients are gradually exposed to the causes of their fear. People who are afraid to travel in a plane, they start with just thinking about flying.

After that, looking at the plane, then going to the airport and then sitting in the practice simulated plane cabin, traveling in the end plane, etc. (Phobia List)

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If you have a phobia, it may be difficult to seek treatment for it. It is also challenging to get out of phobias. But there is always hope. With the right treatment and care, you can control your fear and live a full life.

How did you like our article? You can feel free to contact us in the comment box for any solution or suggestion for any mental health problem. We personally will try our best to help you.(The Phobia List)

Amazing Facts About Phobia

  1. Do you know Papaphobia is the fear of the Pope.
  2. Phobophobia is the fear of being frightened.
  3. Hexakosioihexekontahexaphobia number 666 is feared.
  4. Nomophobia is the fear of losing your smartphone/ mobile phone or losing its signal.
  5. You may be surprised to know that Anatidaephobia has a strange fear that somewhere, somehow, a duck is watching you.
  6. Caligynephobia is a fear of beautiful women.
  7. Cenosillicaphobia is the fear of an empty glass of beer.
  8. Cherophobia is afraid of being very happy because “something tragic” will happen.
  9. Love it for you! Philophobia is afraid of falling in love.
  10. Do you know? According to new research, DNA may contain phobias, or memories of fear, through generations.
  11. You will be surprised to know that Alexander the Great, Napoleon, Mussolini and Hitler all suffered from a fear of cats i.e. Ailurophobia.
  12. Didaskaleinophobia is the fear of going to school.
  13. Pistanthrophobia is the fear of trusting people due to bad past experiences.
  14. Ommatophobia is the fear of the eyes.
  15. Odontophobia is the fear of dental treatment and the fear of receiving dental care.

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Common Myths And Facts About Phobia

Common myths about phobias develop because whenever rationally rational people develop completely irrational habits, one may question their holiness.

At the opposite extreme, family, friends and loved ones may have your clinical psychiatric disorder just downed and brushed as a vein. Here you need to separate the information from the narrative.

If you have a phobia, then you are “crazy.”

“Crazy” is a loaded term sometimes thrown carelessly by the general public to describe people who have a variety of mental health challenges. The time combines long-term, incurable psychological disorders as well as images of an insane asylum and potentially dangerous behavior.

All types of phobias are highly treatable with the guidance of a physician, and there are a variety of successful approaches, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy techniques. Treatment of specific phobias may take as little as one to three sessions.(Phobia List)

Phobias are just overrated fears

How often are people with phobias asked to “deal with it” or “to eliminate it”? People who have never been a victim of phobia may find it challenging to understand the depth of panic that can lead to phobia.

The difference between a phobia and a phobia is the latter life-limiting and affects you:

Personal relationship

Ability to work or go to the school

Ability to do the essential daily tasks, including taking a shower or going to the grocery store

Simply coping with a pure fear can be helpful, but successfully dealing with a phobia usually requires the help of mental health professional.

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Phobias are in-depth routed personality trends.

Those who misunderstand the myth that you cannot overcome phobia and “this is the way it is,” maybe a common reaction to your fears from friends and family.

Although some phobias are more challenging to treat than others, there is little evidence to support this personality trait theory. Both short-term and long-term phobia treatments have very high success rates.

Phobias are genetic

There may be some truth in this long-standing myth, although research is conclusive. According to the researchers, Wilfuret and Bremister named in their presentation “Untangling Genetic Networks of Panic, Phobia, Fear and Anxiety,” in which first-degree relatives of people with a phobia are more likely to have phobia. This was especially true in twins.(The Phobia List)

Children develop paternal phobias automatically

While there is some evidence that children are more likely to develop phobia if their parents have it, one or both parents have detected phobia as one of several risk factors.

You can also have a bad experience of seeing a stranger, such as falling off a flight of stairs or watching an unfortunate incident with someone in a movie.

As some people believe that both nature and nutrition play a role in the development of phobias, it is unsurprising that much depends on the influence of other adults in the child’s life, the individual personality of the child and the parents’ own How to present phobia at home.

There are myths about phobias and other mental health disorders, and information from family or friends may be inaccurate. If you fear to affect your life, consider getting professional guidance. By proper treatment, you can successfully overcome most phobias.

List of Phobias – Phobia List

Below is the Phobia List from A to Z in sequence.

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Achluophobia Fear of darkness
Acrophobia Fear of heights
Aerophobia Fear of flying
Algophobia Fear of pain
Alektorophobia Fear of chickens
Agoraphobia Fear of public spaces or crowds
Aichmophobia Fear of needles or pointed objects
Amaxophobia Fear of riding in a car
Androphobia Fear of men
Anginophobia Fear of angina or choking
Anthophobia Fear of flowers
Anthropophobia Fear of people or society
Aphenphosmphobia Fear of being touched
Arachnophobia Fear of spiders
Arithmophobia Fear of numbers
Astraphobia Fear of thunder and lightning
Ataxophobia Fear of disorder or untidiness
Atelophobia Fear of imperfection
Atychiphobia Fear of failure
Autophobia Fear of being alone
Bacteriophobia Fear of bacteria
Barophobia Fear of gravity
Bathmophobia Fear of stairs or steep slopes
Batrachophobia Fear of amphibians
Belonephobia Fear of pins and needles
Bibliophobia Fear of books
Botanophobia Fear of plants
Cacophobia Fear of ugliness
Catagelophobia Fear of being ridiculed
Catoptrophobia Fear of mirrors
Chionophobia Fear of snow
Chromophobia Fear of colors
Chronomentrophobia Fear of clocks
Claustrophobia Fear of confined spaces
Coulrophobia Fear of clowns
Cyberphobia Fear of computers
Cynophobia Fear of dogs
Dendrophobia Fear of trees
Dentophobia Fear of dentists
Domatophobia Fear of houses
Dystychiphobia Fear of accidents
Ecophobia Fear of the home
Elurophobia Fear of cats
Entomophobia Fear of insects
Ephebiphobia Fear of teenagers
Equinophobia Fear of horses
F, G
Gamophobia Fear of marriage
Genuphobia Fear of knees
Glossophobia Fear of speaking in public
Gynophobia Fear of women
Heliophobia Fear of the sun
Hemophobia Fear of blood
Herpetophobia Fear of reptiles
Hydrophobia Fear of water
Hypochondria Fear of illness
Iatrophobia Fear of doctors
Insectophobia Fear of insects
Koinoniphobia Fear of rooms full of people
Leukophobia Fear of the color white
Lilapsophobia Fear of tornadoes and hurricanes
Lockiophobia Fear of childbirth
Mageirocophobia Fear of cooking
Megalophobia Fear of large things
Melanophobia Fear of the color black
Microphobia Fear of small things
Mysophobia Fear of dirt and germs
Necrophobia Fear of death or dead things
Noctiphobia Fear of the night
Nosocomephobia Fear of hospitals
Nyctophobia Fear of the dark
Obesophobia Fear of gaining weight
Octophobia Fear of the figure 8
Ombrophobia Fear of rain
Ophidiophobia Fear of snakes
Ornithophobia Fear of birds
Papyrophobia Fear of paper
Pathophobia Fear of disease
Pedophobia Fear of children
Philophobia Fear of love
Phobophobia Fear of phobias
Podophobia Fear of feet
Pogonophobia Fear of beards
Porphyrophobia Fear of the color purple
Pteridophobia Fear of ferns
Pteromerhanophobia Fear of flying
Pyrophobia Fear of fire
Samhainophobia Fear of Halloween
Scolionophobia Fear of school
Selenophobia Fear of the moon
Sociophobia Fear of social evaluation
Somniphobia Fear of sleep
Tachophobia Fear of speed
Technophobia Fear of technology
Tonitrophobia Fear of thunder
Trypanophobia Fear of needles or injections
Venustraphobia Fear of beautiful women
Verminophobia Fear of germs
Wiccaphobia Fear of witches and witchcraft
Xenophobia Fear of strangers or foreigners
Zoophobia Fear of animals
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