What is a Seizure?
A change in the electrical movement and activity of the brain is called a seizure.
Abnormal electrical activity in the brain triggers seizures. During seizure, the person moves in an uncontrollably fast-paced rhythm.
It can cause severe symptoms, and it can also happen with no symptoms. Symptoms of severe seizures include violent tremors and lack of control. However, weak seizures can also be a sign of a severe problem, so it is essential to identify them as well.
There are various types of seizures, depending on the severity. Some have mild symptoms that do not include shaking of the body. The kinds of seizure vary, depending on where and how they started in the brain.
Most of the seizures last from 30 seconds to two minutes. If the seizure lasts for more than five minutes, it is considered an emergency.
Seizures are a common occurrence. It can occur after an infection such as stroke, head injury, meningitis, or any other disease. Although sometimes the cause of the seizures is unknown.
Most seizure disorders can be controlled with drugs, but its treatment can have a significant impact on your daily life. However, you can seek the help of your doctor to control its effects and balance the side effects of the drug.
What to do during a Seizure?
If you notice that someone is having an attack, there are some simple steps that you can take to help him. If you know this is the first visit of seizure, or it lasts for more than 5 minutes, call an ambulance.
It can be horrible to see someone having seizures, but don’t panic at all. If you are with someone who has a seizure:
- Shake them only if they are in danger, such as on the road or near a hot object
- You should clear the area around that person, to avoid any injury, vacate the surrounding area.
- Loosen any tight clothing around their necks – such as a collar or tie – to allow them to breathe.
- If they are on the ground, then let them whine
- Stay with them and talk to them in peace until they are well
- When the seizures stop, turn them over
- Do not put anything in their mouths, not even their fingers. Do not give them any food or drink until they are fully recovered.
- Keep track of the duration of the seizure
Stay with the person, and call the ambulance immediately if any of the following happens:
- They have frequent seizures
- The seizure lasts for more than three minutes
- They don’t wake up after an attack
- A woman who is pregnant
If someone has had a seizure for the first time, contact a doctor or ambulance immediately.
After the seizure you should do the following:
Ask them where they are, who they are, and what day it is. It may take them several minutes to become fully alert and answer your questions.
And, if you could not get the person to turn during seizure, then do it when the seizure is over
- If the person is hurt, check them
- If they are having trouble breathing, use your finger to clear the saliva or
- Take them to a safe, comfortable place to rest
What are the symptoms of seizures?
Symptoms of seizures can range from weak to severe.?
Symptoms of seizures may be the following:
- Jerking arms and legs uncontrollably
- Full body shaking
- Weird moving eyes
- A person does not remember for a short time
- Changes in behavior, such as chewing one’s clothes
- Spitting and saliva from the mouth
- Strange taste in the mouth
- Abnormal sounds and breathing
- to pass away
- Cognitive or emotional problems, such as fear, anxiety, or deja vu (feeling like something has happened to you in the past)
- Bladder incontinence
- Bowel incontinence
When to see a doctor?
If a person has had a seizure for the first time, is injured, has stopped breathing, has fainting seizures, or has been suffering for more than 10 minutes, see a doctor immediately.
Also, in these circumstances, contact the doctor immediately:
- If you are pregnant
- If you have a high fever
- Or, you get hurt by an attack
- If you are feeling tired due to heat
- If you have diabetes
Why does the Seizure happen?
Nerve cells (neurons) in the brain communicate, send, and receive electrical impulses. Anything that obstructs these communication routes can lead to seizures. The causes of seizures can be:
- Kidney failure
- Liver failure
- Very High BP
- High fever
- Lack of sleep
- A head injury that causes cerebral hemorrhage
- Some medications, such as some pen relievers or antidepressants
- Blood glucose deficiency
- Blood sodium deficiency, which can occur in diuretic therapy
Prevention of Seizure
How to avoid getting hurt in seizure?
Seizure usually does not cause serious injury, but if one has frequent seizures, the risk of injury increases. The following measures can help you avoid damage during a seizure:
- Take care around the water and don’t swim alone
- Don’t take a shower
- Wear a helmet on a bike or while playing
- Change your furniture Put pads on pointed corners, buy furniture with rounded edges and choose chairs with hand rests
- Lay a carpet with thick padding to avoid injury
- Avoid taking illegal drugs
- If you take medicines for epilepsy or other diseases, take them according to the doctor
Also, improve your lifestyle:
- Get plenty of sleep
- Eat healthy food
- Exercise regularly
- Take part in stress-reducing activities
How is seizure tested?
Doctors face a lot of difficulty in testing seizures. The doctor may ask for some tests to accurately test for seizures.
The doctor will consider your complete medical history and events before the visit. For example, conditions such as migraines, sleep disorders, and severe psychological stress may also cause symptoms such as seizures.
The following tests can be done for this:
To determine if you have any brain and nervous system problems, doctors can test your behavior, motor abilities, and mental functions.
If the doctor appears to be an infection caused by seizure, a sample of cerebrospinal fluid may be required for testing.
The EEG test can also help the doctor overcome the possibility of other diseases (which are characterized by epilepsy).
In this test, doctors place electrodes on your head with a paste-like substance. Electrodes record the electrical activity in a patient’s brain, which appears as wavy lines on an EEG recording. The EEG shows a pattern that tells doctors whether seizure is likely to recur.
Doctors may take blood samples to check for signs of infection, genetic diseases, diabetes levels, or electrolyte imbalance. Some imaging tests can also be done if needed, such as:
MRI scan uses powerful magnets and radio waves to create a wide view of your brain. This allows your doctor to detect lesions or abnormalities in your brain (which can cause seizures).
The PET scan uses a small amount of mild radioactive material that is injected into the vein through an injection so that active areas of the brain can be seen and abnormalities detected.
CT scan uses X-rays to acquire images of your brain. A CT scan reveals abnormalities in your brain that may be the cause of tumors, bleeding, and cysts (follicles).
In addition to all these tests, the “SPECT test” uses a small amount of mild radioactive material that is injected into the vein to show a detailed, 3-D picture of blood flow activity in your brain that occurs during seizure.
What is the treatment of seizure?
It is not necessary that people who have seizures once also have seizures the second time. The person may have seizures only once, so doctors do not decide to start treatment until another attack occurs.
Seizures treatment goal is to prevent seizures, with the fewest side effects.
Anti-seizure medications are often used in the treatment of seizures. There are several options for these drugs. It is important to find the medicine that is best for you and has little side effects. In some cases, doctors may ask to take more than one medicine.
If medications are not effective, the following treatments may be an option:
The goal of the operation is to prevent seizures from occurring. Surgeons find and remove the area of ??your brain where the seizures begin. Surgery is most useful for people whose seizures are always in one place in the brain.
During responsive neurostimulation, devices placed on the surface of your brain or within brain tissue can detect seizure activity and transmit electrical stimulation to the affected area to prevent it.
Vagus nerve stimulation:
A device placed under the skin of your chest stimulates the vagus nerve in your neck, a signal is sent to your brain that prevents seizures. Medication may need to be taken despite vagus nerve stimulation, but you can reduce its dose. Most seizures stop on their own.
When an attack occurs, keep the following points in mind:
- If vomiting occurs, it helps to ensure that the vomit does not go into the lungs with inhalation.
- Let the person flinch.
- Protect the person from falling: Lay the person on the ground in a safe area. Remove furniture or other sharp objects.
- Loosen tight clothing (especially of the neck).
- Stay with the person until the person recovers or until professional medical help arrives.
Seizures Risks & Complications
What are the complications of seizures?
If you do not get out from seizures, the problems can be severe and long-term. Extremely prolonged seizures can also lead to coma or death, in some cases.
Seizures can also cause injury, such as a fall or trauma. It is essential to wear a medical band so that you know that you have a seizure problem.
Sometimes an attack can result in situations that are dangerous to you or others.
You may have the following risks:
- Seizures can be fatal while driving a car or using any other equipment.
- If you fall during a seizure, your head may hurt or even break.
- If you have an attack while swimming or bathing, you are at risk of accidental drowning.
- Seizures during pregnancy are dangers to both mother and child, and some anti-epileptic drugs increase the risk of birth disorders.
- If you have a seizure problem and wish to become pregnant, consult your doctor so that he can adjust your medications & monitor your pregnancy.
Emotional health problems:
People suffering from seizures also have psychological issues like depression and anxiety. These problems can be the result of difficulties in dealing with the condition as well as the side effects of the drug.
Note: Depression Cure does not provide any type of medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment.