10 Common Mental Health Problems That Most People Are Unaware Of
Today, almost every human being has to face mental health problems but as compared to physical health; Mental health problems are mostly ignored due to lack of information.
They think that these visible symptoms will be of common illness and later these symptoms become serious mental health problems.
Research conducted by WHO for NCMH (National Care of Medical Health) states that at least 6.5 percent of Indians suffer from some form of mental disorder.
The number of mental health problems is increasing in India because people tend to underestimate mental health problems. Here are ten mental health problems that sound familiar but are very serious.
Talk about depression when it comes to mental health problems. It is a common mental health disorder that people underestimate. Depression is one of the leading causes of disability worldwide. In this mental disease, the mind remains very depressed continuously for several weeks or months, due to which negative thoughts come in the mind.
Sometimes depression leads to suicide even in more severe stages. Around 300 million people worldwide suffer from depression. Women are more affected by this mental disease than men.
Tip- If you or someone in your family shows symptoms of depression, talk to a family member or psychiatrist immediately. This can help you get out of depression.
It is a complex mental disorder, also known as manic depression. Around 60 million people worldwide are affected by this mental illness. Bipolar disorder causes sudden changes in a person’s mood.
The person suffering from this mental health problem is sometimes happy and sometimes sad for no reason. Patients with bipolar disorder often complain of mood swings, feeling angry or sad.
Although its cause is not completely known, genetics, neurochemicals, stress, etc. cause this disease.
Tip There are many effective medicines available for the treatment of bipolar disorder, which should be consumed only after consulting a doctor. Contact a psychiatrist.
Also the patient should talk to his family and friends and maintain good relations with them. Good relationships have a positive effect on mental health.
It is a mental illness in which a person gets lost in the mistake of understanding real and imaginary objects.
Around 23 million people worldwide have this mental illness known as schizophrenia. It becomes challenging for the patient suffering from this problem to work, study or interact socially.
Tip With love and sympathy for such a person, take the patient to a psychiatric doctor. This problem can be overcome with the love of loved ones and medical advice.
Around 50 million people worldwide suffer from the mental illness of dementia. The memory of a person with dementia is so affected that he is unable to perform his daily tasks properly. Humans also sometimes forget their city, which year or month is going on.
Alzheimer’s disease is the most common cause of dementia. This mental illness can also occur due to severe head injury, stroke, etc.
Tip The treatment of dementia depends on its cause. Some medicines and therapies are used for its treatment, which are very helpful in reducing the symptoms of dementia. Apart from this, to keep the mind active, keep the patient busy in some creative work.
OCD (obsessive-compulsive disorder) is a type of mental illness in which people do the same thing over and over again, such as counting objects, repeatedly checking whether the door is closed, and repeatedly washing hands. Repeating the same thing or idea over and over again comes to their mind again and again.
Due to this the person has to face restlessness, fear and anxiety. A person suffering from this mental disorder repeats the work again and again, which affects his daily life.
Tip – OCD has not been cured till date, but treatment can help control the symptoms so that there is no disturbance in the daily routine of the sufferer. There are two main treatments, psychotherapy and medication. A combination of both is more effective.
Due to mental illness, the behavior of people with personality disorder changes so much that the person becomes disturbed and his personal and social life is badly affected.
The person suffering from this type of mental disorder does not even know what he is doing. The victim often gets to see the fear of going into the crowd, going out of the house etc.
Also, such a person thinks very differently, and it is difficult to change the behavior of such a person.
Advice In this type of mental disorder, people take medicines prescribed by the doctor.
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
Post-traumatic stress disorder is a condition that is directly related to a traumatic or terrifying event that happened to a person, such as sexual or physical abuse, a serious accident, the unnatural death of a loved one, etc.
Such events have either been experienced or witnessed by the individual. Although physically such a person looks fine, mentally they are fragile.
A person suffering from this type of mental disorder does not recover for a long time from the horrific events affecting every aspect of his life.
Tip Support the person who has such mental illness emotionally. Symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder tend to subside with time and proper care.
Seek the help of a mental health specialist for a quick recovery from the condition. Its treatment also includes exercise and a healthy, nutritious diet along with adequate rest.
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
Generalized anxiety disorder is characterized by unnecessary panic and worry about daily tasks and activities. The affected person becomes unnecessarily nervous about performing daily tasks when he realizes that his worry is meaningless.
These worries are so important that the patient cannot control them, and as a result, irritability, insomnia, tension and muscle tension surround him. Symptoms such as fatigue, nausea, vomiting, headache, body ache, sweating, difficulty in breathing and dizziness are seen in such a person.
Tip- Don’t be afraid to go to a good mental health specialist if you have been battling with anxiety for a long time. Improve your lifestyle by doing regular exercise, eating healthy food, getting enough sleep etc.
It is a type of anxiety disorder. Panic disorder is a sudden or sudden panic phenomenon caused by fear of something. Sudden darkening in front of the eyes, rapid breathing, rapid heartbeat and increased heartbeat are several symptoms that indicate panic disorder.
Tip Lifestyle changes are necessary to get rid of panic disorder. Often such a problem is also seen due to chaotic routine, so get enough sleep by taking morning walk and practicing yoga. This will reduce stress and have a positive effect on physical-mental health.
If general discomfort is affecting your daily activities, seek medical advice.
An eating disorder is a serious mental problem that causes a person to eat too much or too little or adopt unhealthy methods to cut calories, such as forced vomiting, excessive exercise, etc. Generally there are three types of eating disorders-
- Bulimia nervosa (overeating for a short period of time),
- anorexia nervosa (eating too little for fear of gaining weight),
- Binge eating (often eating without feeling hungry). These eating disorders can cause kidney and heart problems.
It can be difficult to control an eating disorder on your own, so seek medical attention as soon as possible.
These are all ten widespread mental health problems that affect almost anyone. These mental health problems have their own psychological and biological causes, which can be treated in time, but it is important to talk openly about mental health problems.